Diritto internazionale

UN General Assembly Resolution calls member states to act pursuant to Security Council decisions

On Thursday, the United Nations General Assembly  demanded that all member states comply with Resolutions issued by the Security Council on the status of Jerusalem.

The General Assembly, describing the city as “a final status issue to be resolved through negotiations in line with relevant United Nations resolutions”, stated that any decisions and actions which could alter the character, status or demographic composition of the Holy City of Jerusalem have no legal effect and must be rescinded pursuant to relevant resolutions of the Security Council. The General Assembly demand seems referring to the United States’ recognition of Jerusalem as the capital of Israel.

Therefore, the UNGA called on all states “to refrain from the establishment of diplomatic missions in the Holy City of Jerusalem” and to act in adherence to Security Council Resolution 478, which urges all member states to withdraw diplomatic missions from the city. Moreover, the General Assembly called on ending conduct “imperiling the two-State solution and for the intensification and acceleration of international and regional efforts and support aimed at achieving, without delay, a comprehensive, just and lasting peace in the Middle East”. The measure in object was approved by a vote of 128-9-35 as stated by the UN News Centre report.

After the vote, Yemen and Turkey asked the Secretary-General to resume a suspended emergency session in order to pursue the “Uniting for Peace” procedures in Resolution 377(v), which allows the General Assembly to make recommendations for “collective action … including the use of armed force” in case of failure of the Security Council to  protect international peace and security due to the inability of the permanent Council members to agree to a course of action.

Few days before this Resolution, a similar Security Council resolution was vetoed by the United States, although all the other fourteen members of the Security Council, including the four other permanent members, approved it. US Ambassador to the UN Nikki Haley  affirmed that the veto was an exercise of US sovereignty, and that the decision to move the US embassy to Jerusalem “does not prejudge any final status issues, including Jerusalem’s boundaries.”

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